Sometimes the IQ of the Camera fails to decide the exact point to focus. To adjust this turn the manual focusing switch ON and rotate the focus rings until you get it right. Also, it’s a faster way to get the focus spot on. Most Kit-lenses either have a slow focusing mechanism or struggle to focus in low light. In wildlife photography, both have advantages and disadvantages.
Imagine a bird sitting right behind a few branches on a bushy tree. In such a scenario, auto-focus will mostly focus on the branch. Using manual focus will give you better control in similar situations. There is another option of a manual override in some lens or camera bodies, where the camera will auto-focus but you can override the focus manually if it’s not perfect.
Half pressing the shutter
This is a trick which either most of the beginners are unaware of or fail to execute. The shutter of the camera works on two levels. Half pressing it will lock the focus and will give you a green signal or beep to notify that the subject has been locked. If you are using the viewfinder then the focus points that are locked will illuminate with square boxes. On LCD display it will show green boxes on focus points. Pushing it all the way down without releasing from the half-pressed position will take the photo. If you don’t get a go-ahead green signal after pressing the half-shutter, redo it. This feature is not available if you are in a manual focusing mode.
Eyepiece diopter adjustment
People using spectacles can shoot without them. There is a small knob for diopter adjustment right next to the viewfinder. Turn this little knob to match the value of your eyeglass or until it shows the correct focus. This will allow you to use the viewfinder without your optical glass. It usually ranges between +3 to -3 or +5 to -5. So if you have been prescribed optics that are above the specified value then it is better to use your glasses.
Your camera locks the auto-focus and auto-exposure when you half-press the shutter. So why do we need a separate AE-Lock and AF-Lock button? Because we can separately decide to lock either exposure or focus and not both.
A camera raw image file contains minimally processed data from the image sensor of a digital camera. RAW files are named so because they are not yet processed and therefore need to be processed using any RAW capable software. Raw image files are sometimes called digital negatives, as they fulfill the same role as negatives in film photography: that is, the negative is not directly usable as an image, but has all of the information needed to create an image. Using RAW will give you more control over how you want the photograph to look.
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